The analysis of objectives is a methodological approach employed to describe the situation in the future once identified problems have been remedied, verify the hierarchy of objectives and illustrate the means-ends relationships in a diagram.

The ‘negative situations’ of the problem tree are converted into solutions, expressed as ‘positive achievements’. For example, ‘agricultural production is low’ is converted into ‘agricultural production increased’. These positive achievements are in fact objectives, and are presented in a diagram of objectives showing a means / ends hierarchy.

The main steps in the process are summarized below:

Step 1: Reformulate all negative situations of the problems analysis into positive situations that are desirable and realistically achievable.

Step 2: Check the means-ends relationships to ensure validity and completeness of the hierarchy (cause-effect relationships are turned into mean-ends linkages).

Step 3: If necessary: revise statements, add new objectives if these seem to be relevant and necessary to achieve the objective at the next higher level, delete objectives which do not seem suitable or necessary. You can see objective tree example below.

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